The structure of mycelium mirrors that of the universe and dark matter.  Fungi act as the neural network of the earth, adapting and seeking its survival.  Mycelium and other mushrooms are vital to maintaining delicate ecosystems.  They appear to provide bees with resistance to viruses delivered by mites, and can be used to managed termites and other pests.  It consumes organic matter including oil, rocks, and radiation, providing soil, food, fabric, medicine and more. 100 kilos of dried sawdust yields 20 kilos of water in the mycelium digestive process. They have the ability to learn. The largest organism is 2,000 km in the old growth forests of Oregon with the rare, tall, oblong woody, small pox-fighting Agarikon mushrooms known as polypores.  There are no known toxic polypores ancestors to gilled mushrooms, around 20 of which are toxic. Mycelium prevents soil erosion.

Rare Mushrooms could Counter Bioterrorism By Tom Banse OLYMPIA, WA 2005-06-08

Fomitopsis officinalis mushrooms kill Tuberculosis.

Agarikon: Ancient Mushroom for Modern Medicine By Paul Stamets Founder, Fungi Perfecti; Advisor, Program of Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona Medical School, Tucson 

This Man Believes Mushrooms Can Solve Virtually All of Humanity’s Problems Vice By Frances B. Cannon June 5 2015 Agarikon mushrooms in Greek medicinal texts by Dioscorus were called the “elixir of life.”

The Next Leather Jacket Will Be Made From Mushrooms How an artist took the cow out of leather and replaced it with ‘shroom skins Popular Science By Daniel Grushkin August 10, 2016 “Phil Ross, artist and founder of Mycoworks, is growing leather from mycelium, the dense root structure of mushrooms. “It’s actually the skin of the mushroom,” Ross says.”

2.4 billion year-old fossilized mycelium has been discovered in South African lava, and animals split from fungi 1.8 billion years later, 600 million years ago. Read scholarly article by Bengston et al.,2017.  Protoaxites were the tallest organisms on earth before going extinct 350 million years ago. Reduviasporonites thrived on Pangaea 250 million years ago during the Permian-Triassic period, consuming dead wood, before the dinosaurs.

The oldest fossil mushroom (Heads, et al. 2017) “Gondwanagaricites magnificus represents the oldest fossil record of a gilled mushroom” around 110 million years ago, with fossilized bees appearing 80 million years ago.

65 million years ago: Cretaceous Period: Animals, Plants & Extinction Event Live Science By

Homosapiens developed around 40,000 years ago. Terrence McKenna’s Stoned Ape Theory postulates that insects laying eggs in poop led to mushrooms growing out of it, which pre-humans ate and helped develop the brain by stimulating neurogenesis.

The return of the ‘stoned ape’ theory A long-ridiculed theory about humankind’s early leap of consciousness is revived. Big Think 11 April, 2019

The “Bee Man Shaman” Tassili Rock Cave Painting 5000 BCE, Northern Algeria, depicts mushrooms growing from a man’s body with a bee’s head.  Honey preserves mushrooms.  In 1516, mushrooms were banned from beer.

Mayan mushroom cults went underground when the conquistadors and their diseases overcame the Shaman’s ability to save the people, but 200 mushroom stone sculptures have been found in Guatemalan fields.

This video by Paul Stamets shares the above information and basic mushroom structures:

Mushrooms, Mycology of Consciousness – Paul Stamets, EcoFarm Conference Keynote 2017

This video explains the mushroom ecosystem and anti-bacterial, anti-viral properties within mushrooms.

Mushrooms and Bees

Amadou mushrooms- “Firestarter”, flammable and used to smoke bee hives or to keep a fire burning for several days while on boating expeditions, etc.  Mossy Creek Mushrooms in Tennessee sells mushroom growing kits and cultures.

Agarikon Medicinal Mushrooms from Old-Growth Forests May Counter Smallpox and Similar Viruses BusinessWire March 25, 2005

Mushrooms appear to provide resistance to bee diseases.

New Anti-viral Compounds from Mushrooms by Paul Stamets HerbalGram. 2000; 51:24 American Botanical Council “Frank Piraino, Ph.D., and Curtis Brandt, Ph.D., at the University of Wisconsin-Madison Medical School, found a new antiviral, RC-183, that shows in vitro activity in inhibiting the herpes simplex I and II viruses, as well as varicella zoster virus, influenza A virus, and the respiratory syncytial virus.1  Rozites caperata, the gypsy mushroom, a mycorrhizal species associated with pines (Pinus spp., Pinaceae) and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.)

Complete mitochondrial genome of the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum.